A catapult can be described as a ballistic device that was used to launch a projectile object over a great distance without the aid of explosive devices. This device was used as a weapon during ancient times to counteract approaching attackers. The problem with defending against approaching attackers before the catapult was invented was the distance an enemy had to reach before you could try to push them back. An enemy had to get close enough for you to hit them with your arrows. If the approaching army was too big, however; one would not be able to slow down their advancements with just arrows alone. The creation of the catapult changed the advantage of the larger armies approaching a territory.
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There were many different types of catapults that were in usage during the ancient times and each had their purpose. The different catapults of antiquity are the following: ballista, springald, mangonel, onager, trebuchet, and couillard. Out of all the different types of catapults, the trebuchet is said to be the best. The trebuchet, also known as the Trabucos, was a device created for attacking fortifications. The defensive walls of the ancient days were made of earth, stone, brick, and timber-built variants which the weaponry of antiquities was not strong enough to take down. This changed when war machines like the trebuchet were created. The Trebuchet had a long arm, a short arm, and sling that was all designed for maximum power and distance. The Trabuco made it easy to throw stones weighing 350 pounds over three hundred meters into armies and walls destroying anything and anyone those stones came in contact with.
The trabuco can be characterized as an ancient war machine that threw stones and caused kingdoms to come up with different designs for their defensive walls. It is good to note that even though the trebuchet was known for throwing stones, it could also throw darts, sharp wooden poles, and projectiles covered in Greek fire according to priberam.pt. The trebuchet could use either gravity or traction to activate the arm and employ the sling for the projection of an object over a greater distance. Gunpowder is the only reason the trabuco lost its place as the “best choice” for the cannon, making it obsolete.
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