Category Archives: War Machine

“Trabuco, The Game Changer”

A catapult can be described as a ballistic device that was used to launch a projectile object over a great distance without the aid of explosive devices. This device was used as a weapon during ancient times to counteract approaching attackers. The problem with defending against approaching attackers before the catapult was invented was the distance an enemy had to reach before you could try to push them back. An enemy had to get close enough for you to hit them with your arrows. If the approaching army was too big, however; one would not be able to slow down their advancements with just arrows alone. The creation of the catapult changed the advantage of the larger armies approaching a territory.


There were many different types of catapults that were in usage during the ancient times and each had their purpose. The different catapults of antiquity are the following: ballista, springald, mangonel, onager, trebuchet, and couillard. Out of all the different types of catapults, the trebuchet is said to be the best. The trebuchet, also known as the Trabucos, was a device created for attacking fortifications. The defensive walls of the ancient days were made of earth, stone, brick, and timber-built variants which the weaponry of antiquities was not strong enough to take down. This changed when war machines like the trebuchet were created. The Trebuchet had a long arm, a short arm, and sling that was all designed for maximum power and distance. The Trabuco made it easy to throw stones weighing 350 pounds over three hundred meters into armies and walls destroying anything and anyone those stones came in contact with.

The trabuco can be characterized as an ancient war machine that threw stones and caused kingdoms to come up with different designs for their defensive walls. It is good to note that even though the trebuchet was known for throwing stones, it could also throw darts, sharp wooden poles, and projectiles covered in Greek fire according to The trebuchet could use either gravity or traction to activate the arm and employ the sling for the projection of an object over a greater distance. Gunpowder is the only reason the trabuco lost its place as the “best choice” for the cannon, making it obsolete.

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The Siege Warfare Machine Trabuco Continues To Be One Of History’s Most Popular

The Trabuco has been one of history’s best known and most effective siege warfare machine since it was invented in China in 400 BC. The Trabuco came into its own in terms of effectiveness when it was brought to Europe in the Middle Ages, around 600 AD and became one of the most effective siege options as a form of long-range catapult; over the course of the life of the Trabuco it has undergone a series of changes and improvements, including the adaptation of the sling containing a projectile from a cloth type material into a wooden bucket style holder.

The use of the Trabuco became popular with armies during the siege of a town when the use of a machine capable of throwing rocks, weapons and diseased carcasses into n isolated castle or town was identified with this machine. The Trabuco could throw a rock or other material around 800 metres with the length of the lever used with this machine adapted to ensure the velocity of the item being thrown was hurled as fast and ferociously as possible; in general, between 15 and 45 men from any town or armed force looking to attack or defend a city were given the task of operating the Trabuco during any siege according to

Many historical records on can be found referring to the use of the Trabuco during a range of siege situations that detail the use of ropes to operate this machine that also became known as the Blunderbuss. Seige warfare became an integral part of regular wars taking place in Europe during the Middle Ages, a period seeing a great deal of innovation in terms of the Trabuco including the development of different sizes of the machine capable of throwing stones of up to one ton. One of the ironies of the use of the Trabuco is the fact another Chinese innovation, gunpowder, saw the need for the machine no longer required as it lost its usefulness around the 13th-century.

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